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Scroll down for: Studies, References & Links

Studies, Recommendations and Plans
Most of these documents do not yet exist electronically but are accessible at the Palmer Soil and Water Conservation District Office.

Knik Arm Wetlands Study – 1981. (Alaska Biological Research for USF&W) Proposed the Jim-Swan area be an Area Meriting Special Attention noting high density use by ducks, year-round moose concentrations and intensive black bear use. “Long term plans, however, will have to include temporal and spatial zoning practices which will reduce conflicts between recreational user groups as well as between recreational users and wildlife.”

South-Central Recreation Action Plan – 1984. (Alaska Departments of Natural Resources and Fish and Game for Governor Bill Sheffield). Identified the area as “critical importance for habitat” and included a senate bill establishing Jim/Swan Lakes State Recreation Area.

Susitna Area Plan – 1985. (DNR, F&G) “The Jim-Swan lakes area will be managed to provide a variety of recreation, including hunting and fishing. Because of its high value for these uses, its proximity to large population centers, and its vulnerability to overuse and environmental degradation, the Jim-Swan area should be designated by the legislature as a State Recreation Area.”

Resource Assessment of the Knik Glacier Area – 1993. (USDA/Soil Conservation Service, Palmer Soil and Water Conservation District and Mat-Su Resource Conservation & Development, Inc). “The area supports healthy populations of moose, Dall sheep and black bear. Other large animals inhabiting the Knik River drainage include mountain goats, wolves, coyotes, and brown bears. Wetlands in the Jim-Swan Lake area are important habitat for spawning salmon, winter forage for moose, and as a staging and breeding area for waterfowl. The south facing slopes on the northern side of the valley are important lambing areas for Dall sheep.”

Ecological Review of the Lake George National Natural Landmark – 1996. (Alaska Natural Heritage Program, US Department of Interior, NPS, Alaska Natural Landmark Program). The program was established to identify, recognize and encourage the preservation of the best remaining examples of the geological and biological features composing the Nation’s natural history. “Human use levels need to be evaluated if the NNL’s ecological stability is to be maintained”.

Cook Inlet mapping effort – 2002. (Coast Guard, Cook Inlet Spill Prevention and Response, Inc, Cook Inlet Regional Citizens Advisory Council, NOAA, DNR, F&G ) Jim-Swan is sensitive as a waterfowl concentration area and receives priority protection during oil spill planning and response.

Cooperative Management Agreement – 2003 draft - (Requested by Butte and South Knik River Community Councils). “For the Purpose of Managing Public Lands for Multiple Uses in the Jim Creek – Swan Lake – Knik River Area”

Asset Management Plan for Borough Owned Land in the Butte Area - 2004 Draft. (Land Design North) Designate ‘Jim and Mud Lake Primitive Area: work with DNR to designate the area as a Special Use Area for summer nonmotorized use…


USFWS Leaflet: Human Disturbances on Waterfowl
Airboats Impacts on Tanana Flats Study
US Army Outdoor Recreation Management
Impacts of ORVs in Alaska: Literature Review
DNR’s Generally allowed uses on state land
Relevant Federal and State Statutes
ADF&G Notebook Series: Swans
EPA Nonpoint Source Pollution
DEC/ACWA: Jim Creek nominated water body
Alaska Species of Concern
Swan Research
ADF&G Sportfish Distribution


Alaska Backcountry Hunters and Anglers
Alaska Center for the Environment
Alaska Trails
Cook Inlet Keeper
Copper River Watershed Project
Friends of Mat-Su
Knik Canoers and Kayakers
Leave No Trace
Sierra Club ATV Report
Valley Mountain Bikers and Hikers